Analytical Study of the Relationship between Spirituality, Sufism, Muraqaba and Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP)

  • Hafiza Ambreen Fatima Lahore Garrison University
  • Sami Ullah Assistant Professor, Department of Persian, Government College University, Faisalabad
Keywords: Neuro-Linguistic Programming, NLP, Sufism, mystical, Islam, consciousness, communication, spiritual development.


This paper aims to explore the common principles and concepts between Sufism, a mystical branch of Islam focused on spiritual growth and divine connection, and Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP), a psychological approach rooted in the exploration of human consciousness, personal transformation, and effective communication techniques. By understanding the shared connection between the two, we can gain a deeper understanding of both thereby highlighting the interactions between these two areas that offer the tools, practices, and perspectives to enhance self-awareness, personal growth, and spiritual development. By analysing the works of scholars including William Chittick, Reynold A. Nicholson, and Carl Ernst, this paper aims to shed light on the potential connections and overlaps between NLP, Sufism and The findings indicate a significant alignment between NLP and Sufism, particularly in terms of their core principles concerning human consciousness, communication, and personal transformation. This invites reflection on the sixth sense bestowed by Allah, as described in Sufi teachings. The research methodology involves a comprehensive literature review, examining relevant texts and scholarly articles to identify shared aims, principles, and practices adopted by NLP and Sufism and the significance of practices such as Muraqaba, Silva and Tasawwuf.


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Quran 22:46
Muḥāsabat al-Nafs 2
deep reflection
the pursuit of worldly possessions
The Quran 3:190-191
Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2699
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