Islamic Studies Research Journal Abḥāth https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath <p style="text-align: justify; background: white; margin: 10.5pt 0cm .0001pt 0cm;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: #424242; letter-spacing: .75pt;"><strong>Aim and Scope:</strong></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify; background: white; margin: 10.5pt 0cm .0001pt 0cm;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: #424242; letter-spacing: .75pt;">Abḥāth provides a forum for the dissemination of findings related to social issues and various aspects of society in Islamic perspective. The journal aims to enhance the understanding of social, environmental and cultural factors affecting individuals and society as well. The journal welcomes articles from all disciplines allied to Social Sciences. Importance is given to original and empirical research. However, comprehensive and up-to-date reviewed articles are also considered for publication.&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; background: white;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: #424242; letter-spacing: .75pt;">The authors are strongly encouraged to submit manuscripts two copies in hard form and one soft copy via online journal system (OJS) prepared using MS Word and should be clearly labeled with the author’s names, their designation and affiliation, file name and software version. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; background: white;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: #424242; letter-spacing: .75pt;"><strong>Publication&nbsp; Ethic Policy:</strong></span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; background: white;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: #424242; letter-spacing: .75pt;"> Each manuscript should be accompanied by a statement that it has neither been published nor been submitted simultaneously for publication elsewhere. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyrighted material from other sources. Authors are also responsible to ensure that the article contains no plagiarism that will be checked by TURNITIN. All accepted articles will become the property of the publisher. There is no any submission, processing fee for the authors but PKR 10000 are charged as publication fee.&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; background: white;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: #424242; letter-spacing: .75pt;">All parts of the manuscripts should be typewritten and printed on one side of the paper, text font size 12, Times New Roman, left aligned, double spaced for English articles and 14 for Arabic (Sakkal Mujallah) and Urdu (Jamil Noori Nastaleeq) articles. For main headings, font size for English should be 14 and for Arabic and Urdu 16 but for sub headings should be 12 for English and 14 for Arabic and Urdu in bold form. The manuscript should be numbered consecutively throughout the paper. Authors should also supply a shortened version of the title suitable for the running head, not exceeding 50 characters space. All article (Eng, Urdu, Arabi) should be summarized in an abstract of not more than 250 words in English with Standard transliteration. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; background: white;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: #424242; letter-spacing: .75pt;">Manuscripts including tables, figures, illustrations and references, should be prepared in accordance with the publication Manual of Chicago Style. The references should be given as footnote.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; background: white;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: #424242; letter-spacing: .75pt;">Review Policy: </span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; background: white;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: #424242; letter-spacing: .75pt;">The journal follows the double-blind peer-reviewing policy.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; background: white;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: #424242; letter-spacing: .75pt;">Message of Chief Editor:</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; background: white;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: #424242; letter-spacing: .75pt;">Quarterly Abḥāth is a forum for the dissemination of findings related to social issues and various aspects of society in Islamic perspective. The journal aims to enhance the understanding of social, environmental and cultural factors affecting individuals and society as well. The journal welcomes articles from all disciplines allied to Social Sciences. Importance is given to original and empirical research. However, comprehensive and up-to-date reviewed articles are also considered for publication.</span></p> en-US mwarisali@lgu.edu.pk (Dr Muhammad Waris Ali) irfanullah@lgu.edu.pk (Hafiz Irfanullah) Thu, 15 Feb 2024 05:37:06 +0500 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 A Critical Study of “The Messenger: The Life of Muḥammad” by RVC Bodley https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2116 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><em>Hundreds of publications written in various Western languages throughout Europe at the end of the 19th century followed a generally negative trend. However, in the 20th century, orientalists emerged on the scene, nailing the plank of their predecessors. They educated their people about Islamic realities that they were still unaware of through their in-depth studies of Islam. After a thorough examination of the Qur'ān, Hadīth, and other Islamic knowledge sources, Islam was produced on these strong foundations. Ronald Victor Courtenay Bodley (1892–1970) was a writer of 19 compositions, a scriptwriter, biographer, and an official in the British Army. Before the First World War, he traveled to Kashmir while serving in the military. On the counsel of Thomas Edward Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia), he voyaged to Algeria and the Sahara desert where he went through seven years among the Arabian migrants. During his stay in Kashmir and the Sahara desert, he found the opportunity to learn about Islam and the Prophet of Islam (ﷺ). So on his arrival to England he chose to compose the history of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). In this article, a critical analysis of his writing “The Messenger, The Life of Muḥammad” (ﷺ) has been presented.</em></p> Syed Toqeer Abbas, Masood Ahmad Copyright (c) 2024 Islamic Studies Research Journal Abḥāth https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2116 Thu, 29 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0500 معاشرتی استحکام کےلیے منتخب آیاتِ احکام کی افادیت کا جائزہ https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2103 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>A Muslim experiences many positive impacts on his life by following the Qurānic Verses and Aḥādiths of rulings and jurisprudential details obtained from both. Following the verses of rulings protect the objectives of Shariah, including one's faith, life, property, honour, and breed. A Muslim is characterised by external and internal purification, modesty, justice, equality, and a sense of responsibility by following a practical version of these verses and Sunnah. The contemporary world enforces strict laws and implements litigation to bring humanity under one system. Thus, implementing any kind of power and strong litigation fails in bringing any uniformity in Namāz (Prayer), Roza (Fasting), paying of zakāt, and performing Hajh of a Muslim and is incapable of presenting any practical form of unity, equality, sacrifice, sense of responsibility and mutual sympathy. However, a Muslim following the above-mentioned system does not require any force, power, litigation, or mental pressure to pursue. Rather, verses of rulings are such an exquisite system guided by Allah Almighty, which has so effectively trained Muslims that they, while being part of this practical organization, not only obtain the relief and solace of heart but also feel spiritual refinement.</p> Muhammad Zia Ullah, Hafiz Muhammad Ijaz Faridi Copyright (c) 2024 Islamic Studies Research Journal Abḥāth https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2103 Mon, 12 Feb 2024 06:14:11 +0500 مسئلہ تقدیرکی تفہیم،فکرِ اقبال کی روشنی میں تجزیاتی مطالعہ https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2076 <p>The issue of destiny has been important in theology. There is a vast difference between the prevailing meaning of destiny and the one prescribed by the Holy Qur'an. Allah Almighty says: "And the sun always moves towards its destination. This is the destiny of the All-mighty, the All-knowing "(Yaseen: 38). In addition to destiny, the word Qaza is also present in the Hadith. Due to the lack of understanding of the meaning of the word Taqdeer (تقدیر), sects like Jabariya and Qadariya were created. Allāmah Iqbāl The traditional meaning of destiny, which is defined as luck, is harsh criticism. The soul of his philosophy is 'Self'. If the traditional meaning of destiny would be taken, then the philosophy of self-determination would be over. 'In the eyes of Allāmah, this universe is Adam's working life, in which he has to bring all his possibilities and strengths into action. Every individual is a responsible being. He has to carry the burden of his action. For Allāmah, the universe is still immortal. Destiny refers to the time that is yet to be revealed in the future. Allāmah believes that Allah's knowledge of the future is in the form of possibilities and destinies that are endless, but man has to use his possibilities in this universe</p> Hafiz Arshad Iqbal Arshad Copyright (c) 2024 Islamic Studies Research Journal Abḥāth https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2076 Tue, 13 Feb 2024 04:03:42 +0500 اسلامی مالیات میں عقد جعالہ کی شرعی حیثیت اور اس کے عصر ی اطلاقات (فقہ حنفی و مالکی کی روشنی میں) https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2039 <p>Contemporary Islamic Finance today has expounded much on the different financial transactions to be shari'ah-compliant based on the maqasid (goals and objectives) of the Shari’ah Law. Although much has been written and practiced on the more common contracts of mudarabah, musyarakah, ijarah, wakalah, istisna, salam, qard, tawarruq, and the concepts of waqf, takaful, etc,not much literature can be found on other less popular concepts and contracts such as ju'alah, musaqah, and so on. To expand Islamic legal theory and practice in fiqh al-mu’amalat (the jurisprudence of financial transactions), this study aims to address the legal basis of, specifically the Ju'alah contract, its pillars and conditions, invalidity and issues according to Hanafi and Malki Fiqah, as well as how the application of such contracts are already being applied in the Islamic financial transactions as modern Islamic financial products and as business practices.</p> Muhammad Shafique, Muhammad Azhar Abbasi Copyright (c) 2024 Islamic Studies Research Journal Abḥāth https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2039 Thu, 15 Feb 2024 05:42:55 +0500 ڈاکٹر مسعود احمد (متوفی ۲۰۰۸ء) کے رسائل ( انٹرنیشنل سیریز)کا تعارف وتجزیہ https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2104 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Islam is a complete code of life, which provides solutions to the spiritual and material problems of both individual and collective lives of man. In the teachings of Islam, there are no separate standards of religion and the worldly affairs. There is no dual concept of education of schools, madrassas and mosques, but now-a-days these two fields are considered separately, which in itself leads to two extremes. There are very few scholars who have presented the concept of their integration, and presented a practical model themselves. One of these personalities is the name of Dr. Masood Ahmed (deceased: 2008) who was a master of both religious and worldly sciences. He was the luminary of a scholarly family as his father was associated with the profession of imam of Delhi's Jama Masjid, but he did his doctorate from a university along with traditional religious education, He was an imam of mosque as well as a professor in the college. He also remained a professor and trained people all his life. The article under review is a witness of his comprehensive style of personality. He conveyed the rules of religion to the people in the light of Quran and Sunnah. The focus of his teachings was the reformation of life matters.</p> Sultan Sikandar, Hafiz Naseer ahmad Copyright (c) 2024 Islamic Studies Research Journal Abḥāth https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2104 Sun, 04 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0500 مولانا عبدالحامد بدایونی کی دینی و ملی خدمات کی عصری افادیت کا تحقیقی مطالعہ https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/1665 <p>Maulānā Abdul Ḥāmid Badāyunī (1901-1970) was an eminent scholar, orator and politician. He enthusiastically participated and supported the Khilāfat Movement, and courageously opposed the Shuddhi movement. Moreover, he was unanimously selected as a member of the Majlis-e-Moied-Islām and Muslim Conference. He continuously and unceasingly tutelaged the Muslims of Hind from the platform of the All India Sunnī Conference (1925-1947). He set a record of ceaseless and untiring struggle with his involvement in the All-India Muslim League (1937-1945). Notably, he played an important role in conducting a successful referendum in N.W.F.P province; therefore, he is also remembered as a liberator of N.W.F.P (Fateh Sarhad). He is considered a close companion of Quaid-e-Azam Muḥammad Alī Jinnāḥ. After the independence of Pākistān, he became the president of Jamiat Ulemā Pākistān. Furthermore, he stood by the armed forces of Pākistān during the 1965 war and participated in immigrant relief activities. His stance regarding the Palestine issue was explicit and categorical. His National contributions will always be remembered in the history of Pākistān.</p> Mazhar Husain Bhadroo, Abdul Quddus Suhaib Copyright (c) 2024 Islamic Studies Research Journal Abḥāth https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/1665 Thu, 15 Feb 2024 07:34:16 +0500 A واقدی پر بحیثیت راوی اعتراضات کا تنقیدی جائزہ https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2075 <p>Muhammad bin Umar al-Wāqidī is one of the permanent biographers of the prophet Muḥammad (upon whom be peace and greeting). The narrations reported by him in his book of Maghāzī and other sources such as al-ṭabaqāt of ibn&nbsp; Sa'd and al-ṭabarī have been criticised, and al- Wāqidī has been labled as <em>ghair thiqah</em> (unauthentic) and Ḍaīf for various reasons. But the fact is different. This paper seeks to critically evaluate the allegations raised against al-Wāqidī as "rāvī" in the light of rijāl books and the sources of his biography.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Rana Ahmed Raza, Imtiaz Ahmad Copyright (c) 2024 Islamic Studies Research Journal Abḥāth https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2075 Fri, 16 Feb 2024 00:26:00 +0500 منہج دعوت کے جدید تقاضے https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2126 <p>Da'wat is one of the most important duties of religion. It is the way of the Prophets to preach the religion and to teach the rules of the Shari’ah. The superiority of the Muslim Ummah over other Ummahs is due to this duty of Da'wat. Therefore, it is necessary for every Muslim to convey as much knowledge of Sharia, as much as he knows about Shari’ah. In the light of the strategy of Da'wat and Tabligh of the Holy Prophet Muhammad(PBUH), we need to seriously reconsider our situation and adopt the modern requirements for Da'wat. Scholars, nobles and preachers have a further responsibility to consider the duty of Da’wat as a religious and Shari’ah responsibility and to perform the work of Da’wat in a better way, to take into account the modern requirements that are helpful and supportive in Da’wat.As Muslims, it is our duty to be the cause of salvation for humanity and adopt the modern requirements to bring it to the valleys of civility and decency. It is very important to follow the modern requirements of our times for the propagation of religion, in which there is no Shari’ah or moral wrongdoing. The modern requirements of our time in teaching and preaching have become very necessary because with their help the work of years can be done in months and the work of months in days with a much higher quality than ever before. Therefore, it is a requirement of Da'wat in modern era that to make Da'wat efficient and fast, the work of Da'wat should be done keeping in mind the modern requirements of this era. This article discusses the modern requirements of Da’wat methods.</p> Noor Hussain, Muhammad Sajjad Copyright (c) 2024 Islamic Studies Research Journal Abḥāth https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2126 Sat, 30 Mar 2024 00:34:36 +0500 تخصیص الکتاب بالسنۃ وبالعکس عند الأصولیین (دراسۃ تحلیلیۃ) https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2059 <p>Peculiarization (al-Takhsees) is the opposite of general (al-Aam) which means to separate something from those has the comman connotation. The juriprudential experts (al-Usuliyyun) have difference of views on this point wheather it is permissible to peculiarize the Quranic commandment with the other injunction in the Quran i.e “Takhsees al-Kitab bil-Kitab)?&nbsp; Similarly the identical debate has also been employed regarding the specification of a transmitted Sunnah from the Sunnah at the same level i.e (Takhsees al-Sunnah bil-Sunnah). However, a consensus has been seen about "al-Sunnah al-Mutwatirah" which is justified to be specified in elucidation upon connotating the Holy Quran verbatom. At the same time, peculiarization of Sunnah through the Quranic text is established to be declared as justified. This article will explore some fundamental key concepts of the subject and analyze the jurisprudential differences of openion regarding this issue.</p> Hamid Mahmood, Muhammad Feroz-Ud-Din Shah Khagga Copyright (c) 2024 Islamic Studies Research Journal Abḥāth https://ojs.lgu.edu.pk/index.php/abhath/article/view/2059 Mon, 19 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0500