An Empirical Analysis of Export Competitiveness and Comparative Advantage of Pakistan’s Fruit Products

  • Muhammad Shahid Maqbool Higher Education Department, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Atiq-ur-Rehman Department of Economics, Government College Mustafaabad,Kasur, Pakistan
  • Maria Khushbakhet Department of Economics, Government College Women University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Furrukh Bashir School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
Keywords: Comparative Advantage, Empirical Analysis, Exports


This study evaluates the global competitiveness of Pakistan's fruit exports for the period 2003-2019. The comparative advantage and competitiveness of fruit exports of Pakistan are examined by employing revealed comparative advantage (RCA), revealed symmetric comparative advantage' (RSCA), relative import advantage (RMA), relative trade advantage (RTA), Trade Balance Index (TBI) and Revealed Competitiveness Index (RC). The empirical findings illustrate that Pakistan had a comparative and competitive advantage in fruit exports during the period under consideration. The global competitiveness of Pakistan in the fruit exports indicates that there exists much potential for the growth of the horticultural sector. With government patronage and proper facilities, the fruit products can be a source of valuable foreign exchange earnings for the Pakistan economy.