Forensic Genetic Analysis of 11 Rapidly Mutating Y-STRs (RM-YSTRs) in Sindhi Population of Pakistan

Bakhtawar Javed Piracha, Muhammad Shafique, Ahmad Ali Shahid, Amna Sajid, Faqeeha Javed, Abida Shehzadi, and Muhammad Shehzad

  • Bakhtawar Javed Piracha
Keywords: Forensic, Crime scenes, Genotyping, Amplified, Gene diversity, Halotype,


Forensic Science is robustly associated with DNA that has a complex genetic blue print information intended to resolve the queries related to civil cases, judiciary, investigatory purposes and crime scenes. The study was carried out to contribute the data set of RMYSTRs (Rapidly Mutating YSTRs) globally. The study focused on the significance of using RM-YSTRs as compared to the set of 9-17 YSTRs (mutation rate 1 × 10-2), as the later one is not being able to attain a high magnitude of male relatives differentiation. In the present work, 100 Sindh DNA male samples were collected, by genotyping the amplified samples, using RM-YSTRs, having a mutation rate of 1 × 10-3. Forensic efficiency parameters such as, PIC (Polymorphism Information Content) was observed in the range of 0.7745 at locus DYS576 to 0.9313 at locus DYF399S1b, maximum gene diversity (0.9350) was found at locus DYF399S1b, minimum gene diversity (0.7978) was seen at locus DYS576. Highest value of allele frequency was found as 0.350 with the allele no 18 at locus DYS576. The results had shown that haplotype frequency and haplotype diversity value were 0.010 and 0.99297, as no haplotype was repeated, which highlighted on the fact that nearly complete male individualization can be obtained
using RM YSTRs, thus helpful in avoiding the adventitious matches or exclusion or inclusion of male relatives in forensics cases work. It might be an initiative towards establishing RM YSTR database of Pakistani Sindhi population.