Allama Iqbal: The Pinnacle Point of Understanding & Interpretation of Masnavi Maulana Rumi

  • Dr. Rashid Hameed Executive Director, National Language Promotion Department, Islamabad
Keywords: Maulana Rumi, Allama Iqbal, Masnavi Rumi, Masnavi Ma’anvi, Tasawuf, Sufism, Self Recognition


The relationship between Maulana Jalal-ud-Din Rumi and Allama Iqbal is quite unique on the intellectual level. The process of conveying the subjects of Sufism to the common people through the Masnavi began with Hazrat Sultan Abu Saeed Abul Khair, and the ascension was given to it by Maulana Rumi. Ahmad Rumi, influenced by Rumi was the first to interpret this Masnavi in ​​India. Until Allama Iqbal, many commentaries of the Masnavi had come to the fore. Iqbal also wrote a Masnavi on the style of this Masnavi in ​​the form of Asrar-e-Khudi and kept the same ‘Bahr’ as well. Except for Gulshan-e-Raz-e-Jadid, all Masnavis of Iqbal are in this ‘Bahr’. The influence of Masnavi Maulana Rumi on the thought and literature of Muslims has never been seen before in the history of poetry. Iqbal transferred the intellectual revolution found in this Masnavi to his poetry. All of Iqbal's poetry, letters, essays and sermons are interpretations of Rumi's beliefs, ideas and thoughts. Iqbal's concept of self-recognition is the epitome of Rumi's bravery, courage and strength. More or less seven and a half hundred years have passed since Masnavi Maulana Rumi came to the fore; no era has passed without the interpretation and reinterpretation of this creation. Before Iqbal, commentators continued to highlight the moral aspects of this Masnavi, but Iqbal gave it a new interpretation and made it the source and axis of the world revolutions. In this research paper, the relationship between Iqbal and Rumi and the understanding and interpretation of Masnavi Maulana Rumi through Iqbal's poetry have been discussed.