قرآنی نظریہ ترغیب و ترہیب اور میزلو کا نظریہ انسانی جذبہ محرکہ ، تقابل اور تجزیہ
Qur’anic Theory of incitation and intimidation, Maslow Theory of Human Motivation, a comparison and analysis
Qur’an is the last ray of light that Almighty Allah revealed for the human beings. It arouses the craving of the addressee for achieving the goal of pleasing his Lord and it also frightens him for doing certain actions. Qur’an has a very vibrant and comprehensive concept about it. Abraham Herald Maslow, one of the prominent humanist psychologists of twentieth century, gives the theory of Human Motivation. This article analyzes Maslow’s concept in the light of Quranic theory of incitation and intimidation. The result shows that Maslow’s concept has certain affinity with that of the concept in the Holy Qur’an. However, as a whole the Quranic concept is very vast and inclusive of the complete human personality, needs and its method of fulfillment, whereas, Maslow’s theory of Human Motivation is conceived in a specific background with little empirical basis. It lacks the universality of the Holy Qur’an, yet it has its own importance by viewing human personality from humanistic perspective. It can be made more useful by making suggested amendments.